All posts by MarkOMeara

Robert J. Taormina – The Lightning Theory of Origin of the Universe

The Lightning Theory of the Origin of the Universe

The following is an article by Robert J. Taormina entitled
“The Lightning Theory of the Universe”

Right Click and use Save As to Download PDF of the Article

About the Author

Robert J. Taormina (Ph.D., University of California) is an Emeritus Full Professor, who has published more than 100 journal articles and conference papers on problem solving in a variety of applied settings. He has had a life-long interest in cosmology and, although it was not the main area of his work, spent several decades theorizing about the origin of the universe and how gravity is created, which culminated in his 2017 monograph of those topics. The main areas of his professional work and research have included empirical and applied studies in leadership excellence, organizational behavior, social psychology, personal resilience, and cross-cultural comparisons. He has taught and lectured at universities in Europe, America, Oceania, Africa, and Asia, including Japan, Singapore, Mainland China, Hong Kong, and Macau. Among the honors he received was a Lifetime Achievement Award for Distinguished Leadership in Education that was granted from the International Institute for Advanced Studies in Systems Science (in Europe), Best Reviewer Awards from the International Division of the Academy of Management, and a Distinguished Scholar Award from UNESCO. He is currently an independent research and problem-solving consultant.


Table of Contents
The Lightning Theory of the Origin of the Universe:
With Explanations of Space, Time, and the Creation of Gravity
Robert J. Taormina
Section Page
Abstract 3
I. Introduction 4
A. Why a New Theory of the Universe?  4
B. Scientific Revolution and New Theories  5
C. How to Evaluate a New Theory  5
D. The Need for the New “Lightning Theory of the Universe”  5
II. The Basics Defined  6
A. What is “Space” & What is “the Universe”?  6
B. Why Space Cannot Be Curved 7
C. What is “Time”? 11
D. Why there is No “Space-Time Continuum” 12
1. Summarizing the Origin of the Space-Time Concept 13
2. Why the Concept of a “Space-Time Continuum” is Fallacious… 21
3. Refutation of Studies Seeming to Support the False Space-Time Continuum 23
III. “The Lighting Theory of the Origin of the Universe” 30
A. Introduction to the Lightning Theory 30
B. Historical Background of the Big Bang Theory 30
C. The Lightning Theory of the Origin of the Universe 31
1. Empty Space as the Setting for the Origin of the Universe 32
2. The Origin of the Universe as a Lightning “Creation Event” 32
3. The Cause of the Lightning Event was the Universal Vacuum or Void 33
4. How the Universal Vacuum Caused the Lightning “Creation Event” 34
5. Why the Expansion of the Universe is Accelerating 36
(a) There is no such thing as “dark matter” 36
(b) Empty space cannot expand 37
D. The Shape of the Lightning Creation Event and the Collision of Galaxies 37
1. The Shape of the Lightning Creation Event 37
2. Galaxy Collisions in Lightning Theory versus Big Bang Theory 38
3. A Brief Note on Lightning Theory in Relation to String Theory 41
IV. The Creation of Gravity 42
A. Review and Refutation of Previous Theories on the Cause of Gravity 43
1. Gravity is Not Curved Space 43
2. Gravity is Not a Unique Subatomic Particle 43
B. Where Gravity is Created 45
1. Consider the Electron 45
2. Consider the Proton.. 45
3. Consider the Neutron 45
C. How Gravity is Created in the Neutron 46
1. The Proton-Electron Interaction within the Neutron Causes Gravity 47
2. Neutron “Spin” and the Gravity Wave 48
D. Neutron Gravity Waves and Spinning Neutron Stars 49
E. Neutron Gravity Waves and “Quantum Gravity” 49
F. Thoughts about “Quarks” and Gravity Creation 50
V. Evaluating the New Theory 51
References 54

Let Go, Heal, Be Happy

Let Go, Heal, Be Happy
An In-depth Roadmap to Life-long Emotional Mastery
Mark Linden O’Meara
Price: $17.95
338 pages

Sometimes life can present difficulties that leave you feeling unbalanced and with unresolved emotions, or perhaps you have never fully let go of events from the past. We’ve all been told “just let it go”, yet it’s been hard for you to do that. This book shows you how.

Let Go, Heal, Be Happy helps you learn about emotions and human nature, gain insight, develop new beliefs, heal, and ultimately transform adversity into strength, resilience and a new found sense of joy. Through tears, laughter, and self-expression you can begin to restore joy and satisfaction in your life.

Written in a friendly, entertaining and caring style, Mark walks you through awareness, change, and transformation to ultimately increase your self-knowledge, self-expression, and happiness.

Learn how to develop a new mastery over your thoughts, behaviors, and emotions.

Vincent Van Gogh – His Life Story

VanGogh Vincent Van Gogh –  His Life Story
List Price: $18.95
194 pages
ISBN-13: 978-1515093770

Vincent van Gogh was a controversial artist and the life story of the artist has never been told in such a detailed manner. The well-known art critic Julius Meier-Graefe (1867 – 1935) penned this biography of Vincent Van Gogh in the early 1900’s. His particular interest was the French Impressionists and this study of Vincent van Gogh is one of Julius Meier Graefe’s most successful books.

Meier-Graefe takes the reader along Vincent’s journey from childhood, through his earlier careers, and leads us on a journey alongside Vincent as the artist discovers his artistic style. As readers, we learn the details of Vincent’s struggle with poverty and mental health, and why Vincent is still considered a beautiful soul.

This story vibrantly reflects the challenging life of the beautiful artist Vincent Van Gogh and helps us understand the man and process of creating his art.


Mesmerism –

mesmerism I

Mesmerism – The Discovery of Animal Magnetism

List Price: $12.95
70 pages
ISBN-13: 978-1523292363


In 1779, Franz Anton Mesmer wrote an 88-page book, Mémoire sur la découverte du magnétisme animal, to which he appended his famous 27 Propositions. While undertaking research, G.F. Frankau obtained, on loan from a private library, an original edition of Mesmer’s Mémoire sur la découverte de Magnétism Animal.

Realising its medico-historical importance and tempted by a layman’s vanity to undertake the translation himself, he eventually decided that the task could only be accomplished by an expert; He secured the services of Captain V. R. Myers of the Berlitz School of Languages. Myer’s rendering of the eighteenth-century French is highly praiseworthy.

The adjective “mesmeric”, the substantive “mesmerism”, and the verb to “mesmerise” have not changed their meanings since they first became current—posterity’s unique tribute to a unique man.



Forgotten Kingdom

ForgottenKingdom Forgotten Kingdom
Peter Goullart
List Price: $18.95
280 pages
ISBN-13: 978-1514737187

Peter Goullart was brought up in the Orient and spent most of his life there. Forgotten Kingdom describes his years in the ancient forgotten Chinese Kingdom of Nakhi in Yunnan, by the Tibetan border, where, as a representative of the Chinese Industrial Co-operatives, he really mixed with the people. This is a book about paradise by a man who lived there for nine years. It is not easy to write a good book about paradise, but people are Mr. Goullart’s forte, and when he mixes us up with the Nakhis he delivers us up to his idyll. Likiang itself, its sunlight and its flowers and its rushing waters, its wine shops and caravans, its glints of danger, its swagger and its happy laughter, is beautifully captured in his story of adapting to and living in the Lijiang culture “Forbidden Kingdom” is an incredible verbal picture painted by Peter Goullart’s first-hand account of the changes that happened during the 1940’s in the Naxi Chinese area. Forgotten Kingdom was written during the time when this “Silk Road” Town was the only access point for outside goods to China during WWII.

A must read if you visit Lijiang or Yunnan China!


In Search of Old Peking

In Search of Old Peking
L.C. Arlington and W. LewisohnISBN: 978-1512113976
Price: $24.95
430 pages

In Search of Old Peking is much more than a classic guide book: it is both a painstakingly constructed portrait of one of the world’s great cities in the 1930’s and a lament for the end of a unique era. L.C. Arlington was an American who had served in the Customs and Postal Administrations since his arrival in China in 1879; William Lewisohn, a British Army officer turned journalist. These unlikely but happy partners had seen Peking at the pinnacle of its glory. This book is the outcome of their determination to record the delights, both major and minor, of the city they had known. The descriptions of the buildings and monuments are set within the wider context of Chinese history and are entertainingly illuminated by anecdotes about northern Chinese life and customs. First published in 1935, this book was regarded as the standard guide to Peking. It remains astonishingly evocative today, for residents and visitors alike.


The True Story of The Empress Dowager

TrueStoryoftheEmpressDowager_cover The True Story of the Empress DowagerDer Ling

ISBN: 978-1512227581
Price: $19.95
300 pages

Der Ling became the First lady-in-waiting to Empress Dowager Cixi, as well as a translator, and was highly trusted by the Empress-Dowager to share many memories and opinions with her. In this fascinating story, Der Ling reveals the history and true story behind the character of the Empress-Dowager Cixi – not the monster of depravity depicted in the popular press. but an aging woman who loved beautiful things and had many regrets about the past. Originally published as “Old Buddha” this thoughtful and well written account reveals the tragic story of the end of the Qing Dynasty, compassionately and truthful told through the articulate writing of a trusted friend.

“Princess” Der Ling (1885– 1944) was a Hanjun bannerwoman, the daughter Yù Geng. Her father was a member of the Hanjun Plain White Banner Corps. She received a western education, learning French and English, and studying dance in Paris with Isadora Duncan. Upon her return to China, Der Ling became the First lady-in-waiting to the Empress Dowager Cixi, as well as interpreting for her when she received foreign visitors. Der Ling stayed at court until March 1905. Der Ling wrote of her experiences in court in her memoir Two Years in the Forbidden City, which was published in 1911. Der Ling provided unique insights into life at the Manchu court and the character of the Empress Dowager Empress, a world that ended abruptly with the 1911 revolution that overthrew the Manchu or Qing dynasty. Der Ling continued to write and published seven more books. Princess Der Ling, a.k.a. Mrs. Thaddeus C. White, died in Berkeley, California, as a result of being struck by a car while crossing an intersection. She had recently taught Chinese at UC-Berkeley. Other books by Der Ling: Two Years in the Forbidden City


Type Tones in MS Office

Type Tones in MS Office using this MS Office Macro
by Mark Linden O’Meara

Want to type in pinyin in Ms-Word? Here’s an easy viable solution! Need to write in Pinyin on a webpage? Just type your pinyin in Word and then copy and paste it into the webpage!

Here’s an example!

Just type the vowel and the tone, then invoke the macro and it will convert.


Type Ni2 then press Cntl+] and it gets converted to Ní

Type Ha3 then press Cntl+] and it gets Hǎ then just type the o!

Type u5 or U5 then Cntl+] to get the ü character

To make use of the macro you can use Method A – download a Word file with the macro already installed, or Method B – install the macro yourself.

Method A – Easiest

Click Here to download a Word 2013 document with the Macro (PinyinTonesMacroDocument.docm) and then open the file, enable macros and assign keyboard keys to run your macro.   Or Click Here to download a Word 2003 2007 document with the Macro (PinyinTonesMacroDocument.doc)

The Docm file should already have the macro enabled.

Once you enable the macro you will need to set the keys to invoke it. I recommend using the Control key plus the ] which is above the Enter key. This makes it easy to invoke with little interruption in typing.

In Office 2007 set the macro keyboard shortcut by doing the following:

1) Click on the Office button and select Word Options

2) Click on “Customize”

3) Find the Keyboard Shortcuts near the bottom of the screen. Click on the Customize button.

4) On the Categories area, scroll down and find Macros. Click on Macros to select it.

5) You should see AsYouTypePinyinMacro in the area on the right hand side. Click on AsYouTypePinyinMacro to select it.

6) Click in the Press New Shortcut Keys box. Hold down the control key and press ]

7) The Assign button. The Assigned Keys box should show Ctrl+] Click the close button. You will then be returned to the Customize main dialogue box. Click Ok. You will then be returned to your document.

8) Test your macro by typing Ni2 and then hold down the control key and press ] The ni2 should convert to ní

Method B – Install the Macro Yourself

To Install the Macro

Part 1 – Adding the Macro

1) Open Word, click on the View Tab, Click on the top portion of the Macro button. The dialogue box will open up

2) In the Name field enter (yes, its case sensitive)    AsYouTypePinyinMacro then click on the Create Button.

You should now be in the VBA Macro Editor.

3) In The VBA editing window, replace ALL the code for the AsYouTypePinyinMacro including the heading and all the way to the End Sub command with the code at the end of this document. Make sure you only replace the code in the AsYouTypePinYin section starting with Sub AsYouTypePinyinMacro()  to the next End Sub  command.

4) In the VBA editor, go to the File Menu and choose ‘Close and Return to Microsoft Word’ You should now be back in your word document.

Your macro is now installed. To invoke the macro you need to add it to the toolbar, or set up a shortcut key. Here are the instructions for doing this.

Part 2-  Adding A Keyboard Shortcut

Your macro is installed, but you need to tell MS-Word how and when to run the macro. I have found that setting up ‘Cntl’ and ‘]’ to invoke the macro as a easy to type sequence and as far as I know, with no conflicts with other programs.

To set up MS-Word to convert text to pinyin:

Office 2007

1. Click on the Office button, choose Word Options, then Customize. On the left side of the panel, drop down the list from the “Choose commands from” and select macro.

2. The AsYouTypePinyinMacro should appear in the panel below. Click on Normal.NewMacros.AsYouTypePinYinMacro to select it.

3. Look below the panel to find the Keyboard Shortcuts Customize button and click on it.

4. The Keyboard Shortcuts dialogue box will appear. In the commands list, scroll down and click on Macros. On the right side you should see AsYouTypePinyinMacro and click on it. It should then appear selected.

5. Click in the Keyboard Shortcut box. Hold down the Control Key and then press the ] key. The box should now display Cntl+]

6. Click on the Assign button at the bottom left corner of the dialog box. The Current Keys box should now display Cntl+] Click Close. You should then be returned to the Word Options Menu. Click Close.

Office 2003

1. Click on the Tools Menu and select Customize.

2. Click on Keyboard.

3. Scroll down the left side list and select Macros

4. Select AsYouTypePinyinMacro on the left side list

5. Click In the Keyboard Shortcut box and then hold down the control key then the ] key.

6. Click the Assign button and close the dialogue box.

7. Click OK or Close on the Customize dialogue box.

Test your macro by typing Ni2 and then pressing Cntl+] You should see i2 converted to í Try out other pinyin combinations! Enjoy.

Mark Linden O’Meara

Select all the text starting with Sub AsYouTypePinYin() to the end of this document and then click COPY on the home button

Sub AsYouTypePinyinMacro()

‘ AsYouTypePinyin Macro

‘ (C) 2010 Mark Linden O’Meara

‘ available at

Selection.MoveLeft Unit:=wdCharacter, Count:=2, Extend:=wdExtend

Select Case Selection

Case “a1”

Selection.InsertSymbol Font:=”+Body”, CharacterNumber:=257, Unicode:=True

Case “a2”

Selection.InsertSymbol Font:=”+Body”, CharacterNumber:=225, Unicode:=True

Case “a3”

Selection.InsertSymbol Font:=”+Body”, CharacterNumber:=462, Unicode:=True

Case “a4”

Selection.InsertSymbol Font:=”+Body”, CharacterNumber:=224, Unicode:=True

Case “e1”

Selection.InsertSymbol Font:=”+Body”, CharacterNumber:=275, Unicode:=True

Case “e2”

Selection.InsertSymbol Font:=”+Body”, CharacterNumber:=233, Unicode:=True

Case “e3”

Selection.InsertSymbol Font:=”+Body”, CharacterNumber:=283, Unicode:=True

Case “e4”

Selection.InsertSymbol Font:=”+Body”, CharacterNumber:=232, Unicode:=True

Case “i1”

Selection.InsertSymbol Font:=”+Body”, CharacterNumber:=299, Unicode:=True

Case “i2”

Selection.InsertSymbol Font:=”+Body”, CharacterNumber:=237, Unicode:=True

Case “i3”

Selection.InsertSymbol Font:=”+Body”, CharacterNumber:=464, Unicode:=True

Case “i4”

Selection.InsertSymbol Font:=”+Body”, CharacterNumber:=236, Unicode:=True

Case “o1”

Selection.InsertSymbol Font:=”+Body”, CharacterNumber:=333, Unicode:=True

Case “o2”

Selection.InsertSymbol Font:=”+Body”, CharacterNumber:=243, Unicode:=True

Case “o3”

Selection.InsertSymbol Font:=”+Body”, CharacterNumber:=466, Unicode:=True

Case “o4”

Selection.InsertSymbol Font:=”+Body”, CharacterNumber:=242, Unicode:=True

Case “u1”

Selection.InsertSymbol Font:=”+Body”, CharacterNumber:=363, Unicode:=True

Case “u2”

Selection.InsertSymbol Font:=”+Body”, CharacterNumber:=250, Unicode:=True

Case “u3”

Selection.InsertSymbol Font:=”+Body”, CharacterNumber:=468, Unicode:=True

Case “u4”

Selection.InsertSymbol Font:=”+Body”, CharacterNumber:=249, Unicode:=True

Case “u5”

Selection.InsertSymbol Font:=”+Body”, CharacterNumber:=252, Unicode:=True

Case “A1”

Selection.InsertSymbol Font:=”+Body”, CharacterNumber:=256, Unicode:=True

Case “A2”

Selection.InsertSymbol Font:=”+Body”, CharacterNumber:=193, Unicode:=True

Case “A3”

Selection.InsertSymbol Font:=”+Body”, CharacterNumber:=461, Unicode:=True

Case “A4”

Selection.InsertSymbol Font:=”+Body”, CharacterNumber:=192, Unicode:=True

Case “E1”

Selection.InsertSymbol Font:=”+Body”, CharacterNumber:=274, Unicode:=True

Case “E2”

Selection.InsertSymbol Font:=”+Body”, CharacterNumber:=201, Unicode:=True

Case “E3”

Selection.InsertSymbol Font:=”+Body”, CharacterNumber:=282, Unicode:=True

Case “E4”

Selection.InsertSymbol Font:=”+Body”, CharacterNumber:=200, Unicode:=True

Case “I1”

Selection.InsertSymbol Font:=”+Body”, CharacterNumber:=298, Unicode:=True

Case “I2”

Selection.InsertSymbol Font:=”+Body”, CharacterNumber:=205, Unicode:=True

Case “I3”

Selection.InsertSymbol Font:=”+Body”, CharacterNumber:=463, Unicode:=True

Case “I4”

Selection.InsertSymbol Font:=”+Body”, CharacterNumber:=204, Unicode:=True

Case “O1”

Selection.InsertSymbol Font:=”+Body”, CharacterNumber:=332, Unicode:=True

Case “O2”

Selection.InsertSymbol Font:=”+Body”, CharacterNumber:=211, Unicode:=True

Case “O3”

Selection.InsertSymbol Font:=”+Body”, CharacterNumber:=465, Unicode:=True

Case “O4”

Selection.InsertSymbol Font:=”+Body”, CharacterNumber:=210, Unicode:=True

Case “U1”

Selection.InsertSymbol Font:=”+Body”, CharacterNumber:=362, Unicode:=True

Case “U2”

Selection.InsertSymbol Font:=”+Body”, CharacterNumber:=218, Unicode:=True

Case “U3”

Selection.InsertSymbol Font:=”+Body”, CharacterNumber:=467, Unicode:=True

Case “U4”

Selection.InsertSymbol Font:=”+Body”, CharacterNumber:=217, Unicode:=True

Case “U5”

Selection.InsertSymbol Font:=”+Body”, CharacterNumber:=220, Unicode:=True

Case Else

‘No pinyin code entered

End Select

‘ (c) 2010 Mark Linden O’Meara

‘ Available at

End Sub


Ancient Wisdom of the Chinese

Three Principles of the People Cover The Ancient Wisdom of the Chinese
Brian Brown with an introduction by Ly Hoi Sang

ISBN-13: 978-1479156412
128 pages
Also available in Kindle Edition

This carefully edited and restored edition features Brian Brown’s carefully selected fine works of ancient Chinese wisdom.

Drawing on the writings of Confucius, Mencius, Lao Tzu, Yang Chu, Chuang Tzu, and many other Chinese Sages and Poets, the translated writings of this book bring together an understanding of the guidance of these well known sages. Together with some proverbs, maxims and sayings of the Chinese, be inspired by this warming and thoughtful collection.

Arthur Waley is the most famous Sinologist this century, the man (other than Ezra Pound) who has done most in bringing Chinese poetry to the fore of Western public. Hence, no matter what, Waley’s historical importance cannot be overestimated. And he is a competent all-round translator too, as this fine anthology demonstrates, one who has an uncanny ear of transforming Chinese rhythms and rhymes into naturalized English metrics.


170 Chinese Poems

Three Principles of the People Cover One Hundred and Seventy Chinese Poems

ISBN-13: 978-1479239917
212 pages

Also available in Kindle Edition

Arthur Waley is the most famous Sinologist this century, the man (other than Ezra Pound) who has done most in bringing Chinese poetry to the fore of Western public. Hence, no matter what, Waley’s historical importance cannot be overestimated. And he is a competent all-round translator too, as this fine anthology demonstrates, one who has an uncanny ear of transforming Chinese rhythms and rhymes into naturalized English metrics.

First published in 1919, this is the book that first alerted the West to the richness and variety of Chinese literature. Arthur Waley (1889-1966), a shy reclusive scholar, was one of the earliest champions of Asian literature in the English-speaking world.
This splendid collection of Chinese poetry, accompanied by delightful introductory and descriptive essays, spans more than 1000 years. It brings to life the timeless poetry of many of the well known Chinese poets that have lived throughout the ages.
A Hundred and Seventy Chinese Poems has often been cited as an outstanding source for those who enjoy Chinese Poetry.